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ABA Therapy  For Children two to twelve          in  New york and New Jersey

Antecedent Intervention from Autism Training Solutions on Vimeo.

At Autism Training Solutions, we specialize in Applied Behavior Analysis training for service providers, teachers and paraprofessionals. Teaching Imitation/ Mimetic Behavior is the newest addition to our ABA video curriculum library. If your interested, or if your know a teacher / service provider that would like or needs professional development in autism or just autism resources visit us online at www.AutismTrainingSolutions.com

Functional Communication Training

Functional communication training (FCT) is one of the most common and effective interventions for severe behavior problems. Since the initial description of FCT by Carr and Durand (1985), various aspects of the FCT treatment process have been evaluated, and from this research, best practices have emerged. 

  To change inappropriate behavior we match function (what is learner trying to achieve) and motivation along with other factors to each person and circumstances  within their particular setting  and teach alternative communication such as PECS, ASL and/or vocal behavior .



Why is Functional Communication Training (FCT) Important?

Challenging behaviors are most commonly reported reason parents of children with autism seek services. If untreated, challenging behaviors often persist  over time, have a negative impact on learning, & contribute to high levels of parent stress. Challenging behaviors are often correlated with limited communication skills  which is a primary feature of autism. By giving children with delayed or limited vocal speech some control over their environment challenging behavior will likely decrease.  FCT can be used across different settings & activities (school, home, play, work) as well which is key for generalization and maintenance.



There are 4 basic functions  of the behavior or inappropriate communication:                                                                                1.Gaining tangibles or activities                                                                                                                                                                   2. Escaping or avoiding something negative or unpleasant

3. Gaining social attention                                                                                                                                                             4..Sensory stimulation


To better explain, we use an ABC analysis:
The ABC’s of Behavior                                                                                                                                                                               (A) Antecedent–What happens before the behavior occurs? (click on video below to show examples of antecedent interventions)
(B) Behavior –What is the                                                                                                                                                   

(C) Consequence–What happens after the behavior occurs?

Example:
(A) Setting: supermarket, child grabs cookies from the shelf - Mom  puts them back and says "no"  

(B) Tantrum  behavior                                                                                                                                                                               (C) Mom gives in and says "Ok, one time" The behavior will likely occur again because it has been reinforced in the past.



Articles you may find useful regarding FCT :

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1307999/

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2846575/

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1284113/